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indian subcontinent SAIJIKI - summer: grishma

Updated: Sep 21, 2021

early summer - April

mid summer - May

late summer - June


seasons: ritu

heat wave, heatstroke



short night

strong, dusty, gusty wind

hot and dry wind

low humidity

high temperature


heavens: akaash

summer moon

evening lull

mid summer darkness


earth: prithvi

shade of a tree

shrinking ponds

cracked earth

dry well

still rivulet



humanity: manushyata

moravla (gooseberry relish)

kokum sherbat

cradle songs

thin clothes

cotton saris

long queue for drinking water

mango pickle

mango papad

mango chutney

chilled buttermilk (low fat, diluted, spicy)

pulling of golden chariot (Tamilnadu)

cleaning wells

repairing houses

flower shows (Yercaud, Sikkim)

visit to beach


observances: utsava

vishu (Kerala) Tamil New Year (Tamilnadu)

baisakhi (Punjab)

gangaur (Jaipur, Rajasthan)

chithirai festival (Madurai meenakshi, Tamilnadu)

moatsu festival (Nagaland)

ooty flower festival

mount abu summer festival (Nakki lake)

Yercaud festival

Sikkim festival


animals & birds: pashu & pakshi

lizard spiders


plants: paudhe


mint leaves


bottle gourd

snake gourd

ash gourd

298 views4 comments


mid summer darkness

a full compliment of stars

to play with


Unknown member
Dec 01, 2021

Silk-cotton blooms or Shalmali blooms? They are very specific to summer. We can find their references in literature.


Akila G
Akila G
Sep 23, 2021

Very nice and an extensive list!

the sugarcane juice or ganna juice is also a summer thing, na? Though we would primarily associate it with harvest and pongal so January.

Kala Ramesh
Kala Ramesh
Sep 27, 2021
Replying to

Yes, A good point, Akila. But generally, the first time you see something - is when it becomes a season word, I think. So, in this case - sugarcane cane can be a harvest/pongal season word. Sugarcane juice will be a summer kigo word. It can be regarded in this way, too. Thanks. The team will discuss this.

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